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Dipartimento di Fisica e Scienze della Terra






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Curriculum vitae

2000 to present: Researcher at the Department of Physics and Earth Sciences of the University of Parma.
1995-2000: Post-Doc position at the Institute of Paleoenvironments and Paleoclimate of Utrecht University (IPPU) (The Netherlands): from 1 September 1995 to 31 December 1996; from 1 April 1998 to 31 May 1998, and from 1 February 1999 to 31 January 2000.
1995: Ph.D. in Geological Sciences at the University of Parma (Italy). Ph.D. Thesis entitled: "Relationships between foraminiferal assemblages and sedimentary facies in the Molare Formation and Rigoroso Marls (Oligocene - Tertiary Piedmont Basin)".
1991: MSc in Geological Sciences at the University of Parma (Italy). Thesis entitled: "Lower Pliocene (Zanclean) foraminifera of Stirone River section: Biostratigraphy".

Her research interests concern the biostratigraphy, paleoecology and paleoclimatology of the Oligocene and Neogene foraminiferal assemblages from the Mediterranean and oceanic areas. She was involved as participant in several Italian and international research projects in collaboration with Italian universities (Chieti, Siena, Catania, Palermo, Modena) and Utrecht University (The Netherlands). She visited the Institute of Paleoenvironments and Paleoclimate of Utrecht University (IPPU) (The Netherlands) in 2003 (6 weeks as exchange visit grant funded by EFS) and in 2004 (6 weeks). She was member of the Working Group of the Subcommission on Neogene Stratigraphy (International Commission on Stratigraphy, International Union of Geological Sciences) for the definition of the Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) of Tortonian and Serravallian stages since 2001 to 2007. She is the Secretary of Subcommission on Neogene Stratigraphy (SNS) of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS), International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) since 2004 to present. She was Co-Guest Editor of a special issues of the journal Stratigraphy (2011) and reviewer for several scientific journals.Since 2000 she taught Paleoecology, Cyclostratigraphy and Micropaleontogy and she currently teaches Paleoecology.

Research Projects

Participant in the following academic research projects:

  • PRIN 2008 – Title:High-resolution stratigraphy, palaeoceanography and palaeoclimatology of the Mediterranean area during the Messinian Salinity Crisis, (Scientific Responsible: Prof.  Marco Roveri) (duration:24 months).
  • PRIN 2006 -  Title: In search of the Global Stratotype Sections and Points (GSSPs) of the Burdigalian and Langhian Stages and paleoceanographic implications. (Scientific Responsible: Prof. Silvia Maria Iaccarino) (Duration: 24 months).
  • European Science Foundation – Title: “EEDEN (Environments and Ecosystem Dynamics of the Eurasian Neogene)” (Scientific Coordinator: Prof. J.E. Meulenkamp, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands) (Duration: 2000-2004).
  • COFIN 2000 - Title: The Miocene sea-way closure between the Mediterranean and Indo-Pacific provinces and the impact on the Mediterranean water masses: new micropaleontological and geochemical evidences based on a high-resolution integrated stratigraphy. (Scientific Coordinator: Prof. R. Sprovieri) (Duration: 24 months).
  • NWO Council - Earth and Life Sciences (The Netherlands). Title: The Middle Miocene climate transition from a Mediterranean perspective – Role of closing of the Tehyan gateway, long period orbital forcing and pCO2. (Scientific Responsible: Dr. W.J. Zachariasse, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands) (Duration: 2000-2004)
  • Netherlands Organization of Scientific Reasearch - PIONER Project: Late Neogene climate variability in annual to Milankovitch frequency bands: An intergrated approach, (Scientific Responsible: Dr. F.J. Hilgen, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands) (Duration: 1998-2005).
  • COFIN 1998 - Title: Paleoceanography and chronology of the Middle to Late Miocene in the Mediterranean realm through the calcareous plankton stratigraphy, cyclostratigraphy, and stable isotope stratigraphy. Comparison with oceanic areas. (Scientific Coordinator: S. Iaccarino, Parma University) (Duration: 24 months).
  • EU Programme “Human Capital and Mobility” Title: MIOMAR (MIOcene Marine Reading)- A study of the Mediterranean Ocean –Climate System during the late Middle to Late Miocene. (Scientific Coordinator: Prof. J.E. Meulenkamp, University of Utrecht, The Netherlands) (Duration: 1993-1996).

Participant in the following industry research projects:

  • 2013- present: research project with Petrobras (Petroleo Brasileiro S.A.), concerning the biostratigraphic and paleoecologic analysis of sediments of the Brazilian offshore (Scientific Responsible: Prof.ssa G. Villa).
  • 2010 – 2012: reserch project with Petrobras (Petroleo Brasileiro S.A.), entitled: High-resolution Miocene-Oligocene biostratigraphy and correlation with parastratigraphic units (Scientific Responsible: Prof.ssa G. Villa).
  • 1998: Research project with British Gas Rimi S.p.A (Scientific Responsible: E. Mutti, University of Parma, Italy) which aimed at the reconstruction of a tectonic-sedimentary model on regional scale for the north western Apennines and the Tertiary Piedmont Basin during the Miocene.

Research themes

  • High resolution biostratigraphy and biochronology (integrated with cyclostratigraphy and magnetostratigraphy) of Miocene planktonic foraminiferal assemblages from Mediterranean and oceanic areas, with particular focus on the definition of Global Stratotype Section and Points (GSSPs) of the Lower and Middle Miocene Stages.
  • Paleoceanography, paleoclimatology and paleoecology of middle-upper Miocene of the Mediterranean and ocean regions.
  • High resolution planktonic foraminiferal biostratigraphy of Oligocene-Miocene in oceanic areas.
  • Foraminiferal biostratigraphy and paleoecology of Northern Apennines seep-carbonate successions.
  • Biostratigraphy and paleoecology of Messinian foraminiferal assemblages from the eastern Mediterranean.


  • Florindo F., Gennari R., Persico D., Turco E., Villa G., Lurcock P.C., Roberts A.P., Winkler A., Carter L., Pekar S.F., 2015. New magnetobiostratigraphic chronology and paleoceanographic changes across the Oligocene-Miocene boundary at DSDP Site 516 (Rio Grande Rise, SW Atlantic), Paleoceanography, 30, doi:10.1002/2014PA002734

  • Manzi V., Lugli S., Roveri.M., Dela Pierre F., Gennari R., Lozar F., Natalicchio M., Schreiber C.B., Taviani M., Turco E., 2015. The record of the Messinian salinity crisis in the Eastern 1 Mediterranean: new evidence from Cyprus sections. Basin Research.DOI: 10.1111/bre.12107

  • Artoni A., Conti S., Turco E., Iaccarino S., 2014. Tectonic and climatic control on deposition of seep-carbonates: the case of middle-late Miocene Salsomaggiore Ridge (Northern Apennines, Italy). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 120: 317-335.ISSN: 0035-6883

  • Fontana D., Conti S., Grillenzoni C., Mecozzi S., Petrucci F., Turco E., 2013. Evidence of climatic control on hydrocarbon seepage in the Miocene of the northern Apennines: The case study of the Vicchio Marls. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 48:90-99.

  • Iaccarino S. M., Di Stefano A., Turco E., 2011.Progress towards the definition of the Global Stratotype Section and Point of the Langhian Stage. Foreword. Stratigraphy,  8: 85–87.

  • Turco E., Cascella A. Gennari R., Hilgen F. J., Iaccarino S. M. and Sagnotti L., 2011. Integrated stratigraphy of the La Vedova section (Conero Riviera, Italy) and implications for the Burdigalian/Langhian boundary. Stratigraphy 8:89-110.

  • Turco E., Iaccarino S. M., Foresi L. M., Salvatorini G., Riforgiato F. and Verducci M., 2011. Revisiting the taxonomy of the intermediate stages in Globigerinoides Praeorbulina lineage. Stratigraphy 8: 163-187.

  • Iaccarino S., Di Stefano A., Foresi L. M., Turco E., Baldassini N., Cascella A., Da Prato S., Ferraro L., Gennari R., Hilgen F.J., Lirer F., Maniscalco R., Mazzei R., Riforgiato F., Russo B., Sagnotti L., Salvatorini G., Speranza F. and Verducci M., 2011. High–resolution integrated stratigraphy of the upper Burdigalian–lower Langhian in the Mediterranean: the Langhian historical stratotype and new candidate sections for defining its GSSP. Stratigraphy 8: 199-215.

  • MourikA.A., Bijkerk J.F., Cascella A., HüsingS.K., HilgenF.J., LourensL.J. and TurcoE., 2010. Astronomical tuning of the La Vedova High Cliff section (Ancona, Italy)—Implications of the Middle Miocene Climate Transition for Mediterranean sapropel formation.Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 297, 249-261.

  • Hüsing S.K., Cascella A., Hilgen F.J., Krijgsman W., Kuiper K.F., Turco E., Wilson D. 2010. Astrochronology of the Mediterranean Langhian between 15.29 and 14.17 Ma. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 290, 254–269.

  • Hilgen F.J., Abels H.A, Iaccarino S., Krijgsman W., Raffi I., Sprovieri R., Turco E., and Zachariasse J.W., 2009. The global stratotype section and point (GSSP) of the Serravallian Stage (middle Miocene). Episodes, 32, 152-166.

  • Abdul Haziz H., Di Stefano A., Foresi L.M., Hilgen F.J., Iaccarino S.M., Kuiper K., Lirer F., Salvatorini G., Turco E., 2008. Integrated stratigraphy and 40Ar/39Ar chronology of early Middle Miocene sediments from DSDP Leg 42A, Site 372 (western Mediterranean). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 257, pp. 123-138.

  • Di Stefano A., Foresi L.M., Lirer F., Iaccarino S.M., Turco E., Amore F.O., Mazzei R., Morabito S., Salvatorini G., Abdul Aziz H., 2008. Calcareous plankton high resolution bio-magnetostratigraphy for the Langhian of the Mediterranean area. Riv. It. Pal. Strat., 114, 51-76.

  • Hüsing S.K., Hilgen F.J, Kuiper K.F, Krijgsman W, Turco E., Cascella A, And Wilson D. 2008. Astronomical dating of magnetic reversals, calcareous plankton events and enviromental changes fra 15.3 and 14.1 Ma at La Vedova, northern Italy. In: Hüsing Silja. Astrochronology of the Mediterranean Miocene. Linking paleoenviromnetal changes to gateway dynamics. Geologica Ultraiectina, vol. 295, pp. 85-111. ISBN: 978-90-71577-99-4. (Utrecht, Netherlands).

  • Iaccarino S. M., Premoli Silva I., Biolzi M., Foresi L.M., Lirer F., Turco E., and Petrizzo M.R., 2007. Practical Manual of Neogene Planktonic Foraminifera. (Eds. Biolzi M., Iaccarino S.M., Turco E., Checconi A. and Rettori R.) International School on Planktonic Foraminifera, Perugia 19-23 February 2007.

  • Hilgen F.J., Abdul Aziz H., Bice D., Iaccarino S., Krijgsman W., Kuiper K., Montanari S., Raffi I., Turco E., Zachariasse W.J., 2005. The Global boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) of the Tortonian Stage (Upper Miocene) at Monte dei Corvi. Episodes. vol. 28, pp. 6-17.

  • Abels, H. A., Hilgen F. J., Krijgsman W., Kruk R. W., Raffi I., Turco E., and Zachariasse W. J., 2005. Long-period orbital control on middle Miocene global cooling: Integrated stratigraphy and astronomical tuning of the Blue Clay Formation on Malta, Paleoceanography, 20, PA4012, doi:10.1029/2004PA001129.

  • Iaccarino S., Lirer F., Bonomo S., Caruso A., Di Stefano A., Di Stefano E., Foresi L.M., Mazzei R., Salvatorini G., Sprovieri M., Sprovieri R. and Turco E., 2004. Astrochronology of Late Middle Miocene Mediterranean sections. SEPM Special Pubblication 81, pp. 27-44. ISBN: 978-1-56576-217-6.

  • Hilgen F.J., Abdul Aziz H., Krijgsman W., Raffi I., and Turco E., 2003. Integrated stratigraphy and astrochronology of the Serravallian and lower Tortonian at Monte dei Corvi (Middle- Upper Miocene, Northern Italy). Palaeoecology Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology, 199, 229-264.

  • Turco E., Bambini A.M., Foresi L.M., Iaccarino S., Lirer F., Mazzei R. and Salvatorini G., 2002. Middle Miocene high-resolution calcareous plankton biostratigraphy at Site 926 (Leg 154, equatorial Atlantic Ocean): paleoecological and paleobiogeographical implications. Geobios, vol. 35 (Memoire Special 24),  257-276.

  • Turco E., Hilgen F.J., Lourens L.J., Shackleton N.J., and Zachariasse W.J., 2001. Punctuated evolution of global climate cooling during the late Middle to early Late Miocene: high-resolution planktonic foraminiferal and oxygen isotope records from the Mediterranean. Paleoceanography, 16, 4, 405-423.

  • Hilgen F.J, Krijgsman W., Raffi I., Turco E., e Zachariasse W.J., 2000. Integrated stratigraphy and astronominal calibration of the Serravallian/Tortonian boundary section at Monte Gibliscemi, Sicily. Marine Micropaleontology, 38, 181-211.

  • Hilgen F.J., Abdul Aziz H., Krijgsman W., Langereis C.G., Lourens L.J., Meulenkamp J.E., Raffi I., Steenbrink J., Turco E., van Vugt N., Wijbrans J.R. e Zachariasse W.J., 1999. Present status of the astronomical (polarity) time-scale for the Mediterranean Late Neogene. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. A 357, pp. 1931-1947.

  • Turco E., Duranti D., Iaccarino S. e Villa G., 1994. Relationships between foraminiferal biofacies and lithofacies in the Oligocene Molare Formation and Rigoroso Marl: preliminary results from the Piota River section (Tertiary Piedmont Basin, NW Italy). Giornale di Geologia, vol. 56, n.2, pp. 101-117.